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There are thirteen (13) soil series and two (2) soil complexes identified in the municipality. These soils were mapped in the various landscapes.

            The first four (4) soil series namely: Bongliw, Masao, Bugko, and Palupandan were found in the coastal landscape. Another five (5) soil series namely: Peñaranda, Agustin, San Manuel, Quinqua, and Cabahuan were found at the alluvial landscape. Banhigan, Camansa, Bolinao, Kidapawan series and the two (2) soil complexes such as Kidapawan-Malalag and Liusiana-Cabatuan were mapped at the footslope, residual terrace, hilly, and mountainous landscapes.


            Slope is the inclination of land surface and technically referred to the unit rise in elevation for every 100 meters of horizontal distance. Approximately, a land with a 90º angle is equivalent to 100% slope. Slope is the land use determinant that is related to many facts of development process. It is one of the key variables that affects selection and positioning of crops and likewise influences the type of management infrastructure that must be adapted to sustain land productivity.


            The ratio between the sum of minimum and maximum is the average temperature. The maximum temperature of the project area (the municipality of Governor Generoso) ranges from 30.9ºC to 33ºC, the minimum temperature ranges from 21.9ºC to 23ºC.

 The rate of mineral weathering increases with the temperature and attains a maximum in hot tropical regions. Higher temperatures encourage rapid decomposition of organic residues and therefore influence the accumulation of organic matter.

            Cloudiness refers to the amount of cloud accumulated on the sky that reduces the sunlight penetration into the earth surface and generally affects the photosynthetic activity of the plants. Cloudiness is one of the factors that affect the crop growth and development. Long duration of cloud cover during daytime lessens the exposure of crop to sunlight which is necessary for photosynthetic activities and crop maturity.


            All of the various components of climate play in the formation of the soil; the most important of which are the precipitation and temperature. Precipitation affects the physical and chemical processes in mineral weathering, soil particle deposition and ion movement. Biological activity is strongly dependent upon soil-water relationship.


            Relative humidity is the ratio of the amount of water vapor actually in the air to the maximum amount that the air can hold at that temperature. It is inversely related to the temperature. If the temperature is high, humidity is low, meaning that air is dry and vice versa. High temperature and low relative humidity cause the plant to wilt. Low temperature and high humidity, on the other hand, cause the formation of fog that favors reproduction of fungus and occurrence of pest and diseases.

             This climatic parameter has positive relationship with the rainfall pattern and was observed commonly even throughout the year. The relative humidity values range from 75 to 88 percent and lower during lean months. It exerts its influence upon the transpiration and consequently, the “turgor pressure” of the leaves of the plants, enhancing the translocation of the plant food nutrients and metabolic within the plant system.